Timeline of the Papal Apology to Residential School Survivors


在2022年4月1日,我屏住呼吸,因为我确定成千上万的其他土著人民在听教皇方济各(Pope Francis)时所做的事情公开向加拿大的土著代表团讲话。罗马天主教会的领袖会为教会在教会中的作用道歉residential schools?然后他做到了。

Pope Francis. Photo: Unsplash
Photo: Unsplash

“For the deplorable conduct of those members of the Catholic Church, I ask for God's forgiveness, and I want to say to you with all my heart: I am very sorry. And I join my brothers, the Canadian bishops, in asking your pardon.”Pope Francis, April 1, 2022



天主教教会监督了70%的居民学校。安大略省威廉堡(Fort William)的第一所天主教成立的学校,圣约瑟夫孤儿院和寄宿学校(为土著和白人儿童),于1870年开业。最后一所关闭的学校是阿克拉夫天主教印度居住学校(后来是Inuvik Indian居住学校),在运营七十年后,1996年。


Here’s a brief timeline of the events leading up to the Papal apology:

2008- The Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops Plenary Assembly (1) and the Canadian Catholic Aboriginal Council recommends that the Catholic Church in Canada, in its entirety, find a unified way to express its regret and sorrow for the role the Catholic entities played in the Residential School system.

2008- The Government of Canada issues aformal apology.

“...The Government of Canada sincerely apologizes and asks for the forgiveness of the Aboriginal peoples of this country for failing them so profoundly.”

- 邀请土著社区,天主教教区和宗教团体的代表参加与教皇本尼迪克特十六世的私人会议。

2009- 教皇本尼迪克特十六世表达“sorrow for the suffering of Canadian aboriginal students”代表团。(2)

2015- 加拿大真相与和解委员会(TRC)发布其6卷最终报告,以解决“文化种族灭绝" of Indigenous Peoples as enacted with the residential school policy.

2015- TRC publishes94 Calls to Action, which include:

Church Apologies and Reconciliation

  1. We call upon the Pope to issue an apology to survivors, their families, and communities for the Roman Catholic Church's role in the spiritual, cultural, emotional, physical, and sexual abuse of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis children in Catholic-run residential schools.


2021- (5月)Tk'emlups Te Secwepemc Nation在不列颠哥伦比亚省的Kamloops Indian居民学校的地面上设有约215个墓地。这所学校是加拿大最大的学校,由天主教堂经营。随后 *确定了全国各地学校的墓地。

2021- (October) Vatican announces that Pope Francis will visit Canada on apilgrimage of healing

2021- Delegation of Indigenous People scheduled to meet with Pope Francis, Dec 17 - 20, “to foster meaningful encounters of dialogue and healing.” (3)

2021- 会议推迟于19日。

2022- (March) First Nation, Inuit and Métis delegates travel to Rome.

2022- Pope Francis meets privately and consecutively with Métis (March 28), Inuit March 28), and First Nation (March 31) delegates.

2022- (4月1日)教皇方济各与所有三个小组会面,在其网站上现场直播,并道歉。


  1. 加拿大天主教主教大会会议
  2. Communique of the Holy See Press Office
  3. Pope to meet with delegation of Indigenous People of Canada




1993- 大主教迈克尔·佩尔斯(Michael Peers)道歉:

“I am sorry, more than I can say, that we were part of a system which took you and your children from home and family.



On behalf of the Anglican Church of Canada, I present our apology.” [excerpt] (1)

- 弗雷德·希尔茨(Fred Hiltz)大主教提供了“对精神伤害的道歉”

Today, I offer this apology for our cultural and spiritual arrogance toward all Indigenous Peoples – First Nations, Inuit and Métis – and the harm we inflicted on you. I do this at the desire of many across the Church, at the call of the Anglican Council of Indigenous Peoples, and at the request and with the authority of the Council of the General Synod. [excerpt] (2)

- Archbishop Justin Welby travels to Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, to apologize to residential school survivors.

“I am sorry. I am more sorry than I can say. I am ashamed. I am horrified. I ask myself, where does that come from — that evil. It has nothing, nothing to do with Christ.” [excerpt] (3)


1994年 - 加拿大的长老会教会采用了认罪,认可了教堂在经营住宅学校中的作用以及这些学校对土著儿童,家庭和社区造成的伤害。




1986- 加拿大联合教会对土著人民的要求作出回应,该要求向他们道歉,因为其殖民化

“We tried to make you be like us, and in so doing, we helped to destroy the vision that made you what you were.”[摘抄](5)

- The United Church specifically apologizes for its role in Indian Residential Schools


  1. The Apology
  2. “对精神伤害的道歉”
  3. 坎特伯雷大主教到达萨斯克的阿尔伯特亲王,向住宅学校幸存者道歉
  4. The Confession of The Presbyterian Church in Canada
  5. & 6.加拿大联合教堂,道歉
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